Mahashtami,also known as Maha Durgashtami,is the second
day of Durga Puja.Maha Ashtami is one of the most important days
of Durga Puja.on Maha Ashtami begins with Mahasnan and Shodashopachar Puja which is very similar to Maha Saptami Puja
except Prana Pratishtha which is done only on Maha Saptami.
On Maha Ashtami nine small pots are installed and nine shaktis of Durga are invoked in them. All nine forms of Goddess are worshipped during Maha Ashtami Puja.
Young unmarried Girls,being treated as Durga itself, are also
worshipped on Maha Ashtami.Worshipping of young girls during Durga Puja is known as Kumari Puja. In many regions Kumari Puja is done during all nine days of Durga Navratri,Kumari Puja on a single day during Durga Puja is preferred on Maha Ashtami.
The legendary Sandhi Puja is also falls on Maha Ashtami. The time window of the last 24 minutes of Ashtami Tithi and the first 24 minutes of the Navami Tithi is known as Sandhi time or the holy juncture during Durga Puja.Sandhi time is considered the most auspicious time during whole Durga Puja.Sandhi Puja is the culmination point and the most important ritual of Durga Puja. It is customery to perform Balidan or animal sacrifice at this sacred juncture. Devotees who abstain from animal sacrifice perform symbolic Bali with vegetables like banana,cucumbar or pumpkin. For Brahmins any type of animal sacrifice is prohibited by scriptures and Brahmin community does only symbolic Bali. Even the famous Belur Math in West Bengal does symbolic Bali with banana during Sandhi Puja. It is customery to light 108 earthen lamps during Sandhi Kaal.
OCTOBER 13, 2013 2 COMMENTS
wealthymatters Ayudha Puja also called Astra Puja is the “Worship of Implements”.It is part of the Navratri celebrations.
All the implements that are part of one’s occupation, such as machines, vehicles, tools,computers etc. are cleaned properly, polished and decorated. Then they are smeared with sandalwood and turmeric paste. Flowers are offered. The implements are then worshiped along with the image of Saraswati ,for wisdom.
This worship is an expression of gratitude to the divine forces for helping us earn our livelihoods and also prayers or the successful execution of duties in the coming year.
So you can see all types of vehicles including bicycles out on the streets after a wash , decorated with flowers and frills.
Business establishments,offices and factories are spruced up and bedecked with fresh flowers, banana leaves, plantain saplings and other festival related festoons.
In royal families,traditionally weapons are worshiped on this occasion for it is said that on Vijayadashami day Arjuna, third of the five Pandava brothers, retrieved his weapons of war from the hole in the Shami tree where he had hidden it before proceeding on forced exile. After completing his exile period of 13 years including one year of Agyatavas (living incognito) before embarking on the war path against the Kauravas he retrieved his weapons. In the Kurukshetra war that ensued, Arjuna was victorious.
In times past,a pre-battle ritual involving human sacrifice was part of Ayudh Puja . Dussehara festival starts after the rainy season,when raids and campaigns were traditionally started and the Devi was propitiated with such a sacrifice before launching military campaigns. In Tamil Nadu, there is the tradition of ‘Kalapalli’ a “sacrifice to the battlefield”, which involved human sacrifice before and after battles.In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana, the Kaurava chief was advised by the astrologer Sahadeva that the propitious time for performing Kalapalli was on amavasya day (New Moon day), one day before the start of the Kurukshetra war. Iravan agreed to be the victim for the sacrifice. But Krishna, the benefactor of Pandavas, smelt trouble and he devised a plan to persuade Iravan to be the representative of the Pandavas first and then of the Kauravas. Krishna suggested to Yudhishtira-the eldest of the Pandavas, to sacrifice Iravan to goddess Kali as a part of Ayudh Puja. After this sacrifice, Kali according to legend blessed the Pandavas for victory in the Kurukshetra war. The practice of human sacrifice is no longer prevalent in India. Now, instead of a human sacrifice, buffalo or black goat sacrifice is in vogue, in some Hindu communities.Others have substituted with coconuts and ash gourds.
Even today the armed forces and the police observe Ayudha Pooja. Below is a picture of Narendra Modi at an Ayudha Puja with weapons,
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FILED UNDER THEORY TAGGED WITH ASTRA PUJA, AYUDHA PUJA, AYUDHA PUJA IN FACTORIES, AYUDHA PUJA IN SHOPS, BLACK GOAT SACRIFICE, BUFFALO SACRIFICE, HUMAN SACRIFICE, KALAPALLI, NARENDRA MODI AYUDHA PUJA, NAVRATRI, POSTADAY, VIJAYADASHAMI
About Keerthika Singaravel
2 Responses to Ayudha Puja
Alex Jones says:
October 13, 2013 at 10:56 pm
0 0 Rate This
An idea that all objects have spirit, including tools, well known idea in animism. My Celtic ancestors “killed” objects such as swords by breaking them before burying them with the dead, or offering them to spirits such as of the river.
Saraswati Visarjan Dates
03 Oct (Friday), 2014
21 Oct (Wednesday), 2015
10 Oct (Monday), 2016
October 21, 2015 (Wednesday)
Asthami-8 / 13:30
Nakshatra: U Sadha-3/ 14:20
Sun Sign (Niryan): Libra
Sun Sign (Sayan): Libra
Stay updated with all important festival dates
The fourth and final day of Saraswati Puja during Navratri is known as Saraswati Visarjan day. Saraswati Visarjan is also known as Saraswati Udvasan. In Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka, Saraswati Puja starts with Saraswati Avahan on Maha Saptami and ends on Vijayadashami with Saraswati Udasan or Visarjan.
Saraswati Puja calendar:
Saraswati Puja Avahan – Maha Saptami – Triratna vratam starts in Andhra Pradesh.
Saraswati Puja (main puja) – Durga Ashtami
Saraswati Uttara Puja – Mahanavami
Saraswati Visarjan or Udasan – Vijaya Dashami
Saraswati is found in almost every major ancient and medieval Indian literature from 1000 BC to 1500 AD. She has remained significant as a goddess from the Vedic age through modern times of Hindu traditions. In Shanti Parva of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Saraswati is called the mother of the Vedas, and later as the celestial creative symphony who appeared when Brahma created the universe. In Book 2 of Taittiriya Brahmana, she is called the mother of eloquent speech and melodious music. Saraswati is the active energy and power of Brahma.
How to Celebrate
At the beginning of any pooja, such as Goddess saraswat pooja, the presiding deity is first invoked in a murti for the purpose of worship. At the end of the pooja, the presiding deity (Saraswati) is requested to depart from the murti. “Visarjan” is a Sanskrit word that refers to this final rite and act of respectfully requesting departure. The murti is viewed as a temporary body and is then returned to Nature by submersion into running water, such as a lake, river or the sea. The act is not necessary for inaugurated (pratishthit) permanent murtis found in Hindu temples.
In order to understand the practice of Visarjan, we must first understand the concept of worship in the Hindu faith. The worship of the Almighty in Sanatan Dharma may be through the ‘Saakaar’ (with form) or ‘Niraakaar’ (formless). The Niraakaar method requires no physical depiction, or object and meditation (dhyaan) is a form of this kind of worship. The Saakaar method requires a physical medium such as a murti through which the Almighty is venerated and ‘Pooja’ or ‘Archana’ are forms of this act of worship. Most often, murtis are made primarily from clay and straw so that it could be returned to Nature from which it came. This practice shows that Hindus respect the environment and Nature and it is consistent with good “green” practices today.
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Navratri special: Aarti for Goddesses- Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati
Jai Ambe gauri, mayya jai shyama gauri,Tumko nish-din dhyavat, hari brahma shivji…Jai Ambe gauri
Glory to you, O divine Mother Gauri, glory to you, O Parvati, you are so rich in maiden grace that Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva meditate before you.
Maang sindoor virajat, tiko mrig-mad ko, Ujjwal se dou naina, chandra vadan niko…Jai Ambe gauri
The vermilion adorns your hair-parting and the fragrance of musk feels blissful. Your eyes twinkle and your face is as beautiful as the moon.
Kanak samaan kalewar, raktaambar raaje, Rakt pushp gal-mala, kanthan par saaje…Jai Ambe gauri
Your body shimmers like gold and you are dressed red. The garland made of red flowers looks beautiful around your neck like a necklace.
Kehri vahan rajat, kharag khapar dhaari, Sur nar muni jan sevat, tinke dukh haari…Jai Ambe gauri
The lion is your vehicle and you hold a sword and a skull in your hands. The Gods, the saints call you for your divine blessings and you drive away their grief.
Kanan kundal shobhit, naas-agre moti, Kotik chandra divakar, sum rajat jyoti…Jai Ambe gauri
Your ear-rings and the pearl-studded nose ring of yours look splendid. You emit the radiance of a thousand suns and moons.
Shumbh ni-shumbh vidare, mahisha sur ghati, Dhumra-vilochan naina, nish-din-mad mati…Jai Ambe gauri
O slayer of the demons Shubha Nishumbh, Mahishasura and Dhumravilochana. Your eyes mirrored your anger day-in and day-out.
Chandh mundh sangh-haare, shonit beej hare, Madhu kaitabh dou maare, sur bhe heen kare…Jai Ambe gauri
You killed Chand and Mund, you took away the seeds of Shonit. You slayed Madhu and Kaitabh, and thus made the gods fearless
Brahmani rudrani, tum kamla rani, Aagam nigam bakhani, tum shiv patrani…Jai Ambe gauri
You are the consort of Brahma, Rudra and Vishnu. The sacred texts hail you as the queen consort of Lord Shiva.
Chaunsath yogini gavat, nritya karat bhairon, Baajat taal mridanga, aur baajat damaroo…Jai Ambe gauri
Sixty four Yoginis (women saints) sing in chorus to praise you. Bhairava dances to glorify your beauty. The mridanga plays in co-ordination with the Taalas and the Damru too plays.
Tum ho jag ki maata, tum hi ho bharta, Bhakto ki dukh harata, sukh sampati karata…Jai Ambe gauri
You are the mother of the Universe. You help sustain life. You bless your devotes with wealth and prosperity and remove sorrow from their lives.
Bhuja chaar ati shobit, var mudra dhaari, Man vaanchit phal pavat, sevat nar naari…Jai ambe gauri
Your four arms glorify your persona. Men and women who worship you shall have all their cherished wishes fulfilled.
Kanchan thaal virajat, agar kapoor baati, Shri maal-ketu me rajat, kotik ratan jyoti…Jai Ambe gauri
The incense sticks and the camphor are kept on a golden plate to be offered to you. Your forehead emits the radiance of the precious gems.
Shri Ambe ji ki aarti, jo koi nar gaave, Kahat shivanand swami, sukh sampati paave…Jai Ambe gauri
Whosoever sings the aarti, will be blessed with wealth and prosperity, says Swami Shivanand.
Jai Lakshmi mata, mayya jai Lakshmi mata, Tumko nishdin sevat, Hara Vishnu vidhata, Jai Lakshmi…
Glory to you, O Mother, glory to you, mother Lakshmi. Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma worship you day and night.
Brahmani, Rudrani Kamala, tuhi hai jagmata, Surya chandrama dhyavat, Narad rishi gata, Jai Lakshmi…
You are the consort of Vishnu, embodied as Brahmani, Rudrani—the mother of the world. The Sun and the Moon adore you and Saint Narada sings for you.
Durga rup nirantar, sukh sampati data, Jo koi tumko dhyavat, riddhi siddhi dhan pata, Jai Lakshmi…
As Durga, you bless people with happiness and wealth. Whoever chants your name is bestowed with prosperity and the riches.
Tuhi hai patal Basanti, tuhi shubh data, Karma prabhav prakashak, jagnidhi se trata, Jai Lakshmi…
You are omnipresent. You bring good luck, bless people with the wealth and pleasures.
Jis ghar men tum rahati, sab sadgun ata, Karna sake koi karle, man nahin ghabrata, Jai Lakshmi….
Wherever you reside, good luck follows. The impossible becomes possible and the heart becomes fearless.
Tum bin yagya na hove, vastra na koi pata, Khan pan ka vaibhava, sab tumse ata, Jai Lakshmi…
No Yagya is possible without you. None can buy garments, food and comfort without you.
Shubh gun mandir sundar, Kshirodadhi jata, Ratna charurdash tumhin, koi nahi pata, Jai Lakshmi…
The temple of good fortune is beautiful. You are adorned with 14 precious gems that none is blessed with.
Arti Lakshmi ji ki, jo koi nar gata, Ur anand samata, pap utar jata, Jai Lakshmi…
Whosoever sings this Aarti to Lakshmi will get rid of sins and will attain happiness.
Om Jai Saraswati Mata…Jai jai Saraswati Mata, Sadgun Vaibhav Shalini, Tribhuvan Vikhyata, Jai Jai Saraswati Mata…
Glory to you, O Mother Saraswati. You are a treasure of good deeds and the ruler of the three spheres.
Chandravadani padmasini…dyuti mangalakare, Sohe shub hansa savare, atul tejdhari, Jai Saraswati mata…
You are as radiant as the moon and seated on a lotus. Your ride on a swan and your strength is immeasurable.
Bayen kar men vina, daen kar mala….Shish mukut mani sohe, Gal motiyan mala, Jai Jai Saraswati mata…
In the left hand, you hold a ‘Veena’ and in the right the ‘Mala’. Your head is adorned with a crown made of gems, and the neck with a pearl necklace.
Devi sharan jo ae, unka uddhar kiya, Paithi Manthra dasi, Ravan sanhar kiya, Jai Jai Saraswati mata…
Whosoever takes refuge in you, gets rid of the vicious cycle of birth and death. You destroyed demon king Ravana by distorting the mind of Kaikeyi’s maid- Manthara.
Vidhya gyan pradayini, gyan prakash bharo, Moh aur agyan timir ka jay se nash karo, Jai Jai Saraswati mata
You provide knowledge, bless us with wisdom. Remove ignorance from the world.
Dhup dip phal meva, man sweekar karo, Gyanchakshu de mata, jag nistar karo, Jai Jai Saraswati mata…
O Mother, please accept the incense, lamp and the sweets. Bless us with the eyes of knowledge and help us transcend.
Maa Saraswati ki arti jo koi jan gave, Hitkari sukhkari, gyan bhakti pave, Jai Jai Saraswati mata…
Whosoever sings the Aarti for Mother Sarasvati, becomes a recipient of knowledge and devotion.
Pic courtesy: Thinkstock images
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Keerthika Singaravel says:
October 14, 2013 at 12:27 am
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Another interesting historic tidbit.
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