The goddess is invoked as a spiritual force called Durga also known as kali in order to destroy all our impurities.
Second three days
The Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi, who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees inexhaustible wealth, as she is the goddess of wealth.
Final three days
The final set of three days is spent in worshipping the goddess of wisdom, Sarasvati. In order to have all-round success in life, believers seek the blessings of all three aspects of the divine femininity, hence the nine nights of worship.
The following prayer is chanted to her before starting our studies:Saraswathi namasthubhyam varadae kaamaroopineeVidhyaarambham karishyaami siddhir bhavathumae sadaaI prostrate to you, Goddess Saraswathi. You give boons and fulfill our wishes. I pray to you to grant my wishes when I start my studies.
Goddess Saraswathi presides over and protects every form of art. So, on this day, consecrated to Saraswathi, the musical instruments in the house are cleansed, placed on an altar and devotedly worshipped, these being the abode of this Goddess.
Sri Madhwacharya, sensing this by his ‘Aparoksha’ or divine Jnana, awaited the arrival of this precious ballast at Vadabhandeshwara, a seashore spot near Udupi. When the boat approached that place it was caught by a severe storm and was about to sink.
The captain of the boat, seeing a holy man on the sea shore entered him to save him from disaster. Sri Madhwacharya waved his upper cloth and quietened the storm. The grateful captain offered all the riches in his boat to the Acharya but he accepted from out of the lot only lump of ‘gopichandana’ which was used as ballast. On breaking this, Sri Acharya found the beautiful and perfect deity of Sri Krishna. He carried the deity to Udupi, a distance of four miles, singing praise of Lord Narayana in ecstasy. These hymns under twelve chapters are called ‘Dwadasha Stotra’.He washed the deity in the Madhwa Sarovara and installed it in the temple nearby and started worshiping it. These poojas have been going on since then even to this day in unbroken continuity. Since Sri Madhwacharya’s time, these poojas are being conducted by his disciples who are all ‘balasanyasis’. The right of touching and worshiping this deity rests with the pontiffs of these eight mutts only who are the spiritual descendents of Sri Madhwacharya. No one else is permitted to touch the deity.
Sri Kanakadasa is one of the most famous Haridasas of Karnataka. He lived during the same time as Sri Vadiraja teertha and Sri Purandaradasa. He distinguished himself as great poet, philosopher, musician and composer. Being a disciple of Sri Vyasaraja, Kanakadasa also propagated Dwaitha philosophy of Madhvacharya through poetry and music to the masses in South India . He worshipped Adikeshava of Kaginele, presently in Haveri district of Karnataka. Kaginele, now a village, was a prosperous place and a trading center in his times. He lived for 98 years and during his life time he traveled various places and temples.
Thimmappa Nayaka was his original name and he belonged to chieftain (Kuruba) family of Kaginele in Haveri district. He was born to the Kurubagowda couple Biregowda and Beechamma at bada. Kanaka Nayaka being of the warrior community (Kuruba) his defeat in the field of battle, directed him to the path of devotion. He came to be called Kanaka Nayaka as he found a treasure-trove of gold (kanaka means gold in Kannada).
Another story says the Kanakadasa was the son of Beerappa Nayaka and Bachchi. As the couple had no children for long time after marriage they started worshipping Thimmappa of Tirupathi. Later they had a son and they named him Thimmappa. Thimmappa was a very intelligent boy even in childhood and he was less concerned about physical satisfaction. He was philosophical in thinking even in a very tender age. He lost his father very early and he was left alone with his mother at home. His mother started calling him Chinna which means gold or jewel. The Sanskrit form of Chinna is Kanaka. So he got the name Kanaka.
As Kanaka grew up he became the chieftain of Bankapura. But as he could not enjoy the richness as thousands were deprived of it, he distributed everything in the exchequer to the poor. As a result he was driven out of the power. At the same time he lost his wife too. But this made him realize the meaning of life. Instead of leading a meaningless life of being lured by worldly advancements, he thought, it would be good to become a Haridasa and preach the real essence of life.
He soon became the disciple of Sri Vyasaraja and travelled to various places singing songs and kirthanas, ugabhogas, mundiges. On the basis of one of his compositions it is deduced that after he got severely hurt in a war and miraculously saved, he gave up his warrior’s profession and devoted himself to writing songs and composing music. It appears that he started traveling to places to gain more knowledge.
Kanakadasa in Udupi
Kanakadasa has special association with Udupi and as he was the follower of Sri Vyasaraja Swamiji. On the advice of Vyasaraja Swamiji he had come to Udupi. But it a time when the discrimination based on the caste was at its peak in the society. The Brahmin fundamentalists did not let him enter the temple as he was from a lower cadre of the society. when Kanakadasa wanted to have the Darshan of Sri krishna he was refused to do so by the authorities of the temple and when he was reluctant to hear their words, they dragged him, tied him behind the temple and started beating him ruthlessly. At this point, of time Kanaka started to sing the song “Bagilanu teredu, Seveyanu kodo hariye…..” which means, “Oh Lord, Open the doors and serve me with your divine blessings…”. Satisfied by his prayers, Lord Sri Krishna gives him darshan by miraculously creating a crack in the backside of the temple and turning his face towards the window. The idol of Lord Krisha turned around and a crack appeared in the western granite wall of the temple, making it possible for Kanadadasa to have a glimpse of the Lord. Instead of having the crack plastered over again, Sri Vadiraja enlarged it and turned it into a window. To commemorate Lord Krishna’s darshana to Kanaka Dâsa, the window has been designated as ‘Kanakana Kindi’.
Udupi Sri Krishna – Worshiping fourteen times daily
Lord Krishna is worshiped daily fourteen times a day by the Paryaaya Swamiji and other Swamijis. Lord is worshiped with fourteen rituals everyday.The rituals begin at dawn and go late into the night. It is believed that the fourteen rituals never changed for the last 800 years.
Fourteen daily rituals:
Rituals take place in the forenoon
Nirmaalya Visarjana pooja
Akshayapaathra – Gopooja
Panchamritha Abhishekha pooja
Avasara Sanakaadi pooja
Rituals take place in the evening
Chaamara Sevaa pooja
Adjacent to the main corridor through which the pilgrims enter the Krishna temple, there is the holy tank called Madvasarorava ( Madhava Pushkarani). The tank was originally known as Anantha Theertha, but after the Ganga descended into this tank for the sake of Madhvacharya, it came to be designated as Madhvasarovara The tank has stone steps all round and a mandapam in the centre. Deities of Sri Krishnapur,Puttige and Kaniyoor mutts are worshipped here on the evening of Utthana Dwadasi. During Rathotsava nights Teppotsava take place in this tank. In the southwest corner of the tank is a shrine dedicated to Bhaagiirathi ( Ganga ) seated on a crocodile. It is believed that Ganges water flows in to this tank once in 12 years. For daily abhisheka of Sri Krishna water from this tank is used. The Swamijis have to bathe in this tank before they commence the worship at the shrine.
The Festival of Paryaya
Paryaaya’ is the system in which the responsibility of worshipping Sri Krishna and the management of His temple is undertaken in rotation by the eight piiThaadhipati-s of Udupi. The Swamiji who is in charge of the worship is known as the paryaaya Swamiji and his MaTha is known as the paryaaya MaTha. The duration of this tenure is known as the paryaaya period and the handing over of the worship form one Swamiji to another is known as the paryaaya festival.
The preliminary rituals for paryaaya begin a year before the actual paryaaya. The four main rituals are:
During his term of paryaaya, each Swamiji will use untold amounts of tuLasi leaves for the daily services in Krishna Mutt and plantain leaves for daily meals and for the many special feasts held during this period. To ensure this, about one year before the paryaaya, on an auspicious day, plantain and tuLasi groves are established.
On the day of muhuurta the Mutt priests first pray to the nine planets. Then the MaTha workers carry tuLasi and plantain seedlings in procession to Krishna Mutt. On the way they are accompanied by the Krishna Mutt elephant and other paraphernalia. Prayers are first offered in the Chandreswara and Ananteshwara temples before the procession enters Krishna Mutt. Coins are offered to Sri Krishna and then prayers are offered so that there will be no shortage of tulasi leaves for pooja or plantain leaves for meals. After offering prayers to Sri Mukhya PraaNa (Hanuman) and Sri Madhvacharya, the workers then return their MaTha before going on to plant the seedlings.
During the two year period of paryaaya, many thousands of people are fed. During special festivals up to 15 thousand people are fed at a time.
It was estimated that up to 30 thousand were fed on that day. To cater for huge crowds such as this, as well as the many hundreds, sometimes thousands, who visit Krishna Mutt daily, special arrangements are made to stockpile the rice needed. This collection of rice begins from the harvest of the year preceding the paryaaya. To ensure an adequate supply of rice the ritual of akki muhuurta is performed. This ritual is performed by the Swamiji himself.
This ritual is conducted some six months before the commencement of paryaaya.
Once the collection of rice has begun it is time to begin collecting the firewood used in the cooking of foodstuffs during the paryaaya. Some of the firewood is stored in a very artistic manner and the way it is stored is specialty of Udupi. The firewood is cut into varying lengths and then artistically piled up in the shape of the Brahma ratha.
This ritual commences in the Mutt of the incoming paryaaya Swamiji where prayers are offered to the nine planets. A procession then sets out with the Mutt workers carrying loads of firewood. After the ritual of purifying the ground, the artists commence the construction of the firewood rath. The firewood rath is some fifty feet in height and remains in place until the wood in it is used for cooking just before it is time to construct the rath for the next paryaaya.
This ritual is performed some seven or eight weeks before the new paryaaya. It is the ritual of gathering paddy from the new crop before the commencement of the paryaaya. Prayers to the nine planets are offered in the Mutt and then the paddy is placed on a palanquin, covered in a silken cloth, and carried in procession to Krishna Mutt. The paddy is placed on a platform and the Mutt priests offer rituals of worship. The Mutt manager then offers fruits and remuneration to the scholars gathered there. From this time onward the incoming paryaaya Mutt takes charge of the baDagu maaLige.
On this day, another ritual takes place. By this time the construction of the wooden rath is completed and a decorated dome is carried in procession to the rath where it is ceremoniously handed over to the chief architect who has it placed on the top of the rath. This is the last of the preliminary rituals of paryaaya.
It can be seem from these rituals that they are conducted so as to acquire leaves for eating, rice for food, firewood for cooking, paddy for rice, and so on. Their sole aim is for the continuation of the tradition of mass feeding of pilgrims and devotees in Krishna Mutt. This tradition of mass feeding is why Sri Krishna of Udupi is known as anna brahma.
NAKRTAM MARTYA LOKE YAIH SALAGRAM SILARCANAM “
The Shaligrams are specifically described as fossil-stones which have taken shape in the Gandaki-river, and are characterized by the presence of discus marks. Shaligrams are always naturally found in the river Gandaki. These also include the famous Kali-Gandaki River , Muktinath, Damodar Himal, Damodar Kunda, Devghat, etc.
Shaligrams are sacred ‘shilas’ or stones representing the abstract form of Lord Vishnu. His followers, the Hindu Vaishnavas, place these stones in their puja altars for daily worship. Just as the abstract form of Shiva is the stone ‘lingam’ which the Shaivites worship in their temples and homes, so is the ‘shila’ of Lord Vishnu.
According to Hindu tradition, the Shaligram stone is the shelter for a small insect known as the ‘vajra-keeta’ that cuts through this stone and lives inside it. In actuality, however, these stones are the fossils of the common ammonite that lived millions of years ago when the Himalayan mountain range formed the bed of a vast ocean floor.
Shaligrams of different shapes are often associated with the different ‘avtars’ or incarnations of Lord Vishnu such as: Matsaya avtar, Kurma avtar, Narasimha avtar and so on. In the epic Mahabharata, Lord Krishna while giving a discourse to Yudhistra refers to the qualities of Shaligrams.
The Vaishnavas believe that a Shaligram is the dwelling place of Lord Vishnu and any one who owns it must worship it daily. He must also adhere to strict rules while handling a Shaligram. He must not touch it without bathing, never place it on the ground, avoid intake of non-Vaishnavite food and should not indulge in bad habits or practices.
All Shaligrams are considered auspicious: some are very sacred, others are considered to bring good luck, good fortune, peace and happiness, spiritual enlightenment and so on. Individual worshippers can choose the Shaligram that will bring them the most beneficial effects based on the positioning of the planets in their horoscopes. Temples can, however, use any kind of Shaligram in their prayers and rituals.
THE VIRTUES OF SHALIGRAM: Wherever Shaligram is kept Lord Vishnu lives there along with Goddess Laxmi. The umbrella shape Shaligram has power to give kingdom and the one having elliptical shape gives lots of wealth. Shaligram purifies a person and gives success in all walks of life. The benefits that one get by reading all the Vedas and doing penace (tapasya) is obtained by a person who worships Shaligram. The one who does Abhishek of Shaligram with water gets lots of benefits and happiness. It is said that if a dying person is given the water of Shaligram then he is purified from all the sins committed by him and goes to Vishnu Lok and get Nirvan.
To perform puja of the Shaligram which you have selected to install in your altar of worship, you will need the following ‘samagri’ or ingredients:
Ganga Jal, Panchgavya (a mixture of 5 auspicious articles that include: Cowdung, Cow’s urine, Milk, Ghee and Curd), fresh Tulsi leaves, Kusha grass, Pipal leaves, Incense sticks, Camphor, Sandal paste, Lamp burner, and a conch shell. You may substitute any item that is not available with uncooked rice.
Offerings to the Shaligram can be of Milk, Fruits, Flowers, Sweet dishes or a Coconut.
2. Wash the Shaligram with Ganga Jal poured from the conch shell. Then wash it again with punchgavya, and then wash it once more with Ganga Jal.
3. Place some kusha grass in a stainless steel glass filled with water to sprinkle over the Shaligram.
4. Now, put the Shaligram on some pipal leaves placed on a plate. Light the camphor, incense sticks and the lamp filled with ghee.
5. Apply some sandal paste on the Shaligram and place some fresh tulsi leaves in front of the Shila.
6. Light the lamp and move it in a circular, clockwise movement of the hand in front of the Shaligram.
7. Chant the mantra: “Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare” nine times.
8. Offer milk, fruits or sweets to the Shaligram. Offer some money and then give that money to a poor person.
Note: If you are worshiping more than one Shaligram, make sure they are in even numbers. This means you should have either two, four or six Shaligrams. Place a tulsi mala around them or offer fresh tulsi leaves every where. It is important to remember that even the water that has touched the Shaligram becomes ‘amrit’ (holy water), while you are bathing it, has tremendous properties. If you drink this water, it can help bring relief from various physical ailments and poor health so you can lead a more healthy life.
TYPES OF SHALIGRAM
Matsya – Worshipping this auspicious Shaligram brings immense wealth and worldly comforts . It bestows the worshipper with peaceful environment, austerity and philanthropy.
Kurma – The worshipper of this shaligram gets immense PERSEVERANCE, strong will power, patience, wealth and happiness in his life. The kurma shaligram also works as a shield against all evil forces.
Varaha – The worshipper of this Shaligram gets immense protection and occult/black magic does not work on him.
Narsimha – The opponents and the enemies of the worshipper vanishes and are sent to hell . No black magic or any type of occult works on him. He becomes fearless and gets success in all his endeavors.
Vamana – The worshipper of Vamana gets immense strength to fight against all odds, evils and enemies . His enemies do not get any place in the complete “Triloka” . He becomes invincible.
Krishna- The worshipper of this shaligrama will earn a great respect and dignity in the society. He will be successful in all his endeavors by his wit and intelligence.
SURYA SHALIGRAM – By worshipping Surya Shaligram the worshipper gets the quality of the sun-to rule and to move continuously with brilliant radiance and strength.Gives happiness, popularity and material gains. Also protects from accidents and misfortune.
SHIVLINGA SHALIGRAM –Shivling shaligram is the symbol of auspiciousness. The worshipper of this shaligram gains health and peace. The worshipping of this shaligram increases the family harmony.
MAHALAKSHMI SHALIGRAM –The worship of Mahalaxmi shaligram bestows the devotee with good health and wealth . Man can progress in business and service and spends his life happily. It protect like a shield from any loss.
GANESHA SHALIGRAM –The pooja of Ganesha shaligram removes all obstacles and brings success in all undertakings. It gives the worshipper Riddhies and Siddhies . His opponents are finished The devotion of Ganesha shaligram ensures the earliest accomplishment of all works pertaining to property, business etc.
MAHAVISHNU SHALIGRAM –One who sees the Mahavishnu shaligram gets eternal peace. The worshipper gets rid of obstacles arising due to negative planetary effects. The Mahavishnu shaligram contains the influence of ten incarnations. It is considered most powerful shaligram and works like a shield and drives evils away . Extremely good for fortune and worldly comforts.
LAKSHMI NARAYAN SHALIGRAM –One who worships this shaligram gets immense wealth and very good health. The environment in his house becomes like Vaikunth. Peace prevails in his house and at his workplace. Wherever he puts his hands he reaps gold and wealth. It is one of the very very rare shaligram. It gives protection to the worshipper and gives all wordly comforts.
LAKSHMI NARASIMHA SHALIGRAM-This is one of the very rare Shaligram. The worshiper of this shaligram gets immense protection from his opponents. Besides great protection, the worshipper also enjoys good fortune and all the wordly comforts. He enjoys the peaceful environment in his surroundings throughout his life. His all wishes are fulfilled and reaps gold and wealth in all his endeavours.
PANCA GAVYA SAHASRAIS TU SEVITAIH KIM PRAYOJANAM ”
– HARI BHAKTI VILASA 9/20 FROM PADMA PURANA
Navratri Food Recipe For Fast | falaahaar Sweets 2015: Navratri is one of the Hindu festival where people worship the different avatars of Goddess Durga and a usually a large part of devotee Durga observe a fast on all nine days but some people choose to fast only first and the last the day.
NAVRATRI FOOD RECIPE FOR FAST
What the type of food
Three types of fast, Dry fast, liquied fast, partial fast. all types of fasting have Depend on each person’s individual lifestyle, health issues, goals, and body chemistry, different methods of fasting will be appropriate for different people. You can choose a method that is appropriate for you right now. so we provide you some fast recipe which is more healthy for every person.
- 1 cup sabudana (sago)1/2 cup peanuts, shelled, roasted, coarsely pounded2 Tbsp ghee1 tsp zeera (cumin seeds)3-4 sabut lal Mirch (whole dried red pepper)1 sprig kadhi patta (curry leaves)2 tsp or to taste sendha Namak (white rock salt)
1 tsp chilli powder
1 Tbsp hara dhania (coriander leaves)
1 tsp green chillies, chopped
1 Tbsp lemon juice
Wash Saboodana till water clears. Soak in water to about 3 cm/ 1 1/2″ above it, for about an hour.
Drain in a colander, then spread over a thick cloth for about 1hour. It is important for the water to drain out very well, as other wise when cooked, the saboodana will stick together in lumps.
Mix saboodana, peanuts, salt, and chilli powder very well, so that it is coated well with this mixture.
Heat the ghee and add zeera, lal mirch and kadhi patta. When mirch darkens a bit, add saboodana mixture and turn around over low heat till cooked through. Takes a couple of minutes.
Take it off the heat, add the lemon juice and mix well.
Serve garnished with the hara dhania and the green chillies.
This recipe is very low fat, marvellous in taste and total nutritious value.
Navratri Vrat food recipe
CUCUMBER VEGETABLE RECIPE
2 – medium cucumber
1 – green chilli
1 – long strip tamarind, broken in small pieces
1/2 – cup dahi
1 tsp – coriander leaves, finely chopped
1/2 tsp – coriander powder
1/2 tsp – red chilli powder
1 tbsp – desi ghee
Salt to taste (sendha namak )
- Make a solution of all dry masala powders in 1/2 cup dahi, keep aside.
- Chop cucumber into medium sized pieces (half inch or bigger).
- Heat desi ghee in a heavy sauce pan.
- Add jeera, curry leaves, green chilli, allow to splutter.
- Add masala paste, tamarind, stir-fry for a minute.
- Add cucumber and cook on medium flame stirring continuously till half done or the ghee is visible, cover and simmer.
- When cucumber is cooked but still firm to touch take off lid.
- Add salt, mix well.
- Sprinkle chopped coriander, mix well.
- Allow any excess moisture to evaporate before pouring into serving bowl.
- Garnish with chopped coriander.
- Serve immediately with phulkas, puris or rice.
Navratri Best Food
ARBI CUTLET RECIPE
- 10-12 arbi or colocasia roots
- 1 tsp red chilli powder
- 1 tsp roasted cumin powder
- ½ tsp dry mango powder (optional)
- 1 or 2 tsp chaat masala
- ½ or 1 tsp lemon juice
- rock salt or black salt
- some fresh coriander leaves for garnishing
- wash and rinse the arbi well to get rid of the soil and mud.
- boil the arbi in a pan or pressure cooker with some salt & water till they are completely cooked.
- drain them.
- when warm or cool, peel the arbi.
- now take each piece and flatten it in between your palms.
- heat a tava or frying pan.
- drizzle some oil on the pan.
- pan fry the arbi till golden brown and crisp on both sides.
- in a small bowl, take all the dry spice powders and mix them.
- now toss the pan fried crisp arbi in the dry spice powders mixture.
- add some lemon juice from top.
- garnish arbi cutlet with chopped coriander leaves.
- serve arbi cutlet hot or warm with hari chutany.
when making the arbi cutlet for fast, add rock salt or sendha namak.
you can also shallow fry or deep fry for a more crispier version.
Navratri sweet for fast 2015
- Without sweets our fast food is not completed so here are some sweets recipe.
500 gm fresh cream
3 ripe orange
1 fresh or canned pineapple
250 gm green grapes
250 gm black grapes
2 kiwi fruits
cashenuts and almonds for garnishing
Boil the fresh cream in a big vessel stirring continuously. If you find the cream to be thick in consistency then you can add a little fresh milk while boiling.
After boiling , add sugar as per taste keeping in mind the fruits which also add to the sweetness in the dish.
Put the boiled cream in the refrigerator to chill.
Peel and slice all the fruits very carefully in thin slices and deseed all the grapes while cutting them in fine slices.
Dry roast the cashewnuts and almonds and cut them into fine slivers.
Put all the cut fruits in cold water to prevent oxidisation.
When the boiled cream has chilled take it out of refrigerator and mix a tablespoon of vanilla essence in it.
After that strain all the cut fruits and mix them in the cream nicely folding them with the cream.
Put the vessel in the refrigerator to chill it.
While serving garnish with dry fruits and enjoy the heavenly taste of fruits and fresh cream in your mouth with a cocktail of bursting flavours.
NAVRATRI SWEET FOOD FOR FAST
MAKHANE KI KHEER RECIPE
1 cup makhana/foxnuts
2 cups organic milk
3-4 green cardamom powder
10-12 cashews or 10-12 almonds sliced
1 tbsp golden raisins
4 tbsp sugar or as you want
a pinch of saffron”kesar”
2 to 3 tsp ghee
Navratri food 2015
Here are listed some special testy healthy and made in easy food and sweets. kindly try it and share it.