|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2015)|
|Affiliation||Avatar of Shakti, Parvati|
|Weapon||Japa mala, Kamandalu|
Brahmacharini, also known as Tapaswini, Tapasyacharini or Parvati, is the second form of the Goddess Durga. Her name means one who practices penance or brahmacharya, with “Brahma” meaning penance and Charini” meaning a female follower. The Goddess is worshipped on the second day of Navratri (the nine divine nights of Navadurga). Those who are devoted to her are rewarded with virtue, emancipation, peace, prosperity, happiness and nobility. She holds a japa mala (rosary) in her right hand and Kamandal, a water utensil in her left hand.
When the goddess Parvati realised that she was destined to marry Lord Shiva, she decided to please him in every possible way. Rishi Narad advised her to follow the path of extreme penance and dedication to please Lord Shiva.
Parvati immersed herself in a difficult penance or tapasya. She suffered all the torments of nature while performing the penance. She gave up food and water, living on a diet of leaves. This is the reason she is also known as Aparna. After many years, Parvati was finally successful. Lord Shiva accepted Parvati as his wife and named this form of her as “Brahmachari”.
Significance of worship
The goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri to acquire the power to abstain from food and water for the festival’s nine days. With Devi Brahmacharini’s blessing, devotees can keep the fast for nine days with no adverse effect on their health. The following mantra is chanted to invoke Goddess Brahmacharini:
- Dadhana Karpadma abhyamaksh Mala kamandalu
- Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinya Nuttama
Goddess Brahmacharini, Mantras And Meaning
Origin – After Kushmanda form, Goddess Parvati took birth at the home of Daksha Prajapati. In this form the Goddess Parvati was a great Sati and her unmarried form is worshipped as Goddess Brahmacharini.
Navratri Worship – Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri.
Governing Planet – It is believed that Lord Mangal, the provider of all fortunes, is governed by Goddess Brahmacharini.
Iconography – Goddess Brahmacharini is depicted as walking on the bare feet. She has two hands and She carries Jap Mala in the right hand and Kamandal in the left hand.
Devanagari Name – ब्रह्मचारिणी
Details – Goddess Brahmacharini did severe penance to get Lord Shiva as her husband. She performed hard austerity and due to which She was called Brahmacharini.
It is stated that during her penance to get Lord Shiva as her husband She spent 1000 years on the diet of flowers and fruits and another 100 years on the diet on leafy vegetables while sleeping on the floor.
Further She followed strict fasting regimen while staying at open place in scorching summers, harsh winters and stormy rains. According to Hindu mythologies She was on diet of Bilva leaves for 3000 years while She prayed to Lord Shankar. Later She even stopped eating Bilva leaves and continued her penance without any food and water. She was known as Aparna when She left eating Bilva leaves.
As legends go Goddess Brahmacharini immolated herself by wishing to get a father in her next birth who can respect her husband Lord Shiva.
Goddess Brahmacharini, Mantras And Meaning
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The second day of Navaratri is dedicated to Maa Brahmacharini. Read on to know the mantra to worship the 2nd Avatar of Goddess Durga.
This page provides information about Goddess Brahmacharini. Devi Brahmacharini is one of the nine incarnations of Goddess Parvati.
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