Metal Sculpture of Goddess Bhudevi
Bhūmi (Sanskrit: भूमि), also Bhūmī-Devī (Sanskrit: भूमी देवी), Bhuma-Devi or Bhū-Devī, is the personification of Mother Earth. She is the consort of Varaha, an avatar of Vishnu and regarded as the mother of the goddess Sita. According to the uttara-kanda, when Sita finally leaves her husband Rama, she returns to Bhumidevi. She is the mother of the demon Narakasura . Bhumi Devi is also believed to be one of the two forms of Lakshmi. The other is Sridevi, who remains with Narayana. Bhudevi is the Goddess of Earth, and the fertility form of Lakshmi. She is the daughter of Kashyap Prajapati. According to some she is also Satyabhama, wife of Sri Krishna in Dwapara Yuga and the divine saint Andal. Several female deities have had births similar to Sita. Alamelu Mangamma or Sri Padmavathi Devi of Tiruchanur had a similar beginning, being found in a ploughed field by Akasa Raja. Andal from Srivilliputtur in Tamil Nadu was found under a Tulasi plant by Periyaalvar.
Bhudevi incarnates Herself as Andaal
Bhu devi incarnates Herself in South india in a place named sriviliputhur as Andaal (Tamil: ஆண்டாள் Äṇɖāḷ is the only female Alvar among the 12 Alvar saints of South India. The Alvar saints are known for their affiliation to the Srivaishnava tradition of Hinduism. Born in 10th Century CE, she is credited with the great Tamil works, Thiruppavai and Nachiar Tirumozhi, that are still recited by devotees during the winter festival season of Margazhi. she is known for her unwavering devotion to Lord Vishnu, the God of the Srivaishnavas. She was adopted by the Alvar saint, Periyalvar, who found her as a baby lying under a tulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) plant in the temple garden of Srivilliputhur. she is often referred to as “Kodhai” or “Goda”
She is depicted in votive statuary, seated on a square platform which rests on the back of four elephants representing the four directions of the world. When depicted with four arms, she holds a pomegranate, a water vessel, a bowl containing healing herbs, and another containing vegetables. When shown with two arms, she holds a blue lotus known as Kumuda or Utpala the night lotus, in the right hand. The left hand may be in the Abhaya Mudra – fearlessness or the Lolahasta Mudra which is an aesthetic pose meant to mimic the tail of a cow.
1. The Earth Is Our Planet
Not only on Earth Day, but throughout the year, it is important to remember that the Earth is our planet and nourishes us in ever so many ways. The least we can do is to appreciate that and not abuse her, by polluting her soil, her rivers, and her air.
2. Bhoomi Devi: Earth As Mother
In Indian philosophical thought, the Earth is perceived as a mother. She is known as Bhoomi Devi or Bhudevi. She is said to be the daughter of Kashyap Prajapati and therefore, also called Kashyapi. She is the wife of Varaha, the boar avatar of Vishnu, and the mother of Narakasura.
3. Many Avatars
Bhumi Devi, being the Earth Goddess, is the goddess of fertility. She is also Satyabhama, wife of Sri Krishna in Dwapara Yuga. She is revered in south India as the divine saint Andal.
4. The Mother Of Sita
Bhoomi Devi is the famous mother of Sita, the wife of Prince Rama of Ayodhya. No wonder, she was found in a ploughed field by Raja Janak of Mithila. According to Uttarakanda, even when Sita finally leaves her husband Rama, it is to the lap of her mother Bhoomidevi that she returns. Meanwhile, several other female deities have had births similar to that of Sita. Alamelu Mangamma or Sri Padmavathi Devi of Tiruchanur had a similar beginning, being found in a ploughed field by Akasa Raja. Then, Andal in Srivilliputtur in Tamil Nadu was found under a tulasi plant by Periyaalvar.
5. Yagna for Bhumi Devi
During the Chaitra Navratras, which just concluded, people usually perform yagna or havan for Bhoomi Devi. Bhoomi Devi pujan includes Ganapati smaran, Shanti Paath, Bhoomi Devi yantra puja, Bhoomi Devi mantra japa, followed by Brahman bhojan.
6. Mantra For Bhoomi Devi
Om Vasundharaya Vidmahe Bhutadhatraya Dhimahi Tanno Bhumih Prachodayat meaning, Let us meditate upon Bhumi Devi, the one who provides us everything. Let her bless us all with abundance.
7. Her Blessings
The puja as well as havan for Bhumi Devi is believed to help achieve abundance in the form of stability and success in personal and professional life, knowledge and good health.
8. ॐ अपवित्रः पवित्रो वा सर्वावस्थां गतोअपी वा. यः स्मरेत पुण्डरीकाक्षं स बाह्याभ्यांतर: शुचिः अति
The Vaman Puran cites this mantra in honour of Bhoomi Devi: Om apvitrah pvitro va srvavsthan gatoapi va Yah smaret pudrikakshn sa baahyabynarh suchih Atinilghanshyamn nalinaayata lochnam Smrami pundrikshan ten snato bhwamyham This is regarded as a Mansik Shudhi mantra or mind purification prayer…
9. भूमि वंदना मंत्र: समुद्रवसने देवी पर्वतस्तनमंडीते ! विष्णुपत्नि नमस्तुभ्यं पादस्पर्शं क्षमस्व
Bhoomi Vandana Mantra: Smudravasne devi parvatstanmandite Visnupatni namstubhy padsparshm kshmsvame
10. Grihapravesh Bhoomi Pujan
Grihapravesh or entry into a new home is a time when Bhoomi Pujan becomes a necessity. This is also true of starting construction on a new plot. The powerful deities are invoked through this puja, and the Earth Goddess is shown respect, as she is the one who will bear the burden of our our home as well as overlook our progress, accounting for all the auras emanating from the place, the energies of our souls and the karma of our past as well as the past history of the location. Bhumi Pujan thus helps removes all the negative energies of the place and invite positive energies, thus laying the foundation for a new beginning.
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