Today in Indian History
Events for August 9

9-August-1788 Gulam Kadir removed the eyes of Shah Alam 2nd, King of Delhi with a knife.
9-August-1892 Shri Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan, prolific author and first librarian of the University of Madras, was born.
9-August-1893 Shivpujan Sahai, famous Hindi story writer and novelist, was born at Bihar in a middle class family.
9-August-1902 King Edward VII was crowned the emperor of Great Britain at Westminster Abbey after the death of his mother Queen Victoria. Earlier, he had held a grand function in which nearly 4,56,000 invitees celebrated this royal feast.
9-August-1909 Vinayak Krishna Gokak, famous Kannad poet, play writer, critic of literature, educationist and Gyanpeeth awardee, was born at Savanur.
9-August-1911 Khorshedji Rustomji Meher-Homji, cricketer (Indian wicket-keeper 1936), was born in Bombay.
9-August-1925 Government Treasury from Postal Train was looted near Kakuri Station just about 22 km. away from Lucknow by the members of ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.’
9-August-1942 The Congress at its Bombay session passed the famous Quit India resolution, calling for mass struggle on non-violent lines on the widest possible scale, under the leadership of Gandhiji. He stressed that “”We shall either free India or die in the attempt; We shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery””; popularly known as “”Do or Die””. But before the Congress could start the movement, the government arrested all the major leaders and the Congress was declared illegal. Spontaneous popular revolts broke out with the battle cry of ‘British Quit
9-August-1942 Mahatma Gandhi after announcing ‘do or die’ slogan alongwith ‘Quit India Movement’ at Bombay was arrested along with 50 others. Gandhiji was interned in Aga Khan Palace at Poona. This Do or Die slogan deep rooted in Indian hearts and resulted in nationwide Quit India Movment. This day is commemorated as “”Kranti Day””. Govind Vallabh Pant was send to Ahmednagar Jail, while Sarojini Naidu and many other leaders were also arres
9-August-1942 Subhash Chandra Bose (Netaji) forms the Indian National Army in Malaya with the help of the Japanese. He inaugurates the Government of Free India at Singapore.
9-August-1952 New Delhi reports that 20 mil. Indian peasants were imperiled by crop failures.
9-August-1963 India is the first country to add its signature to the test-ban treaty at Moscow.
9-August-1965 Pakistan chose to persist while the Indian Army Corps on the ceasefire line got down to neutralizing the Gibraltar Force. As a first step, main infiltration routes were blocked and Pakistan was forced out of the Haji Fir bulge (known to them as Bedori).
9-August-1966 Heroes of the 1942 movement were honoured at a rally in Red Fort.
9-August-1969 Ochterlony Memorial in Calcutta was renamed as ‘Shahid Minar’.
9-August-1970 Trailokyanath Chakravarty died in Delhi.
9-August-1971 A 20-year non-aggression treaty for peace, friendship and co-operation was signed between India and U.S.S.R.
9-August-1971 Vinodnand Jha, former Chief Minister of Bihar, died.
9-August-1992 Golden jubilee celebrations of the Quit India Movement begin in Bombay.
9-August-1995 India celebrated 53rd anniversary of Quit India movement.
9-August-1996 Sachin Tendulkar, 23, chosen India’s cricket captain.
9-August-1996 Unofficial estimates put black money in the country at Rs. 70,000 crore, i.e. 6\% of GDP.
9-August-1997 Sonia Gandhi addresses Congress plenary session at Calcutta.
9-August-1998 India moves the World Trade Organisation against the European Union reimposing anti-dumping duties on unbleached cotton gray fabric imports.
9-August-1999 India’s Manisha Malhotra won the $10,000 ITF women’s circuit tournament at Harrisonburg, Virginia for her maiden tour title.
9-August-2000 Parliament approves the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Bill 2000, paving the way for the creation of a separate Chhattisgarh State.

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