Today In History – 1st April

Today in Indian History
Events for April 1

1-April-1839 Medical College Hospital in Calcutta having only 20 beds was opened for male patients .
1-April-1855 Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s first Bengali primer ‘Varnaparichay’ was published.
1-April-1869 Income Tax was imposed. On the same day New Indian Divorce Act came into operation.
1-April-1878 Calcutta Museum was opened for general public.
1-April-1882 Savings Bank Postal system was introduced.
1-April-1889 Hindu’, English language newspaper changed its perodicity from weekly (20/09/1888) to daily.
1-April-1889 Dr. Keshavrao Baliram Hedgewar, politician and founder of Rashtriya Swayansewak Sangh (RSS), was born.
1-April-1902 Laxmidas Purshottamdas Jai, cricketer, (one Test, India v England 1934, scored 19 & 0), was born in Bombay.
1-April-1912 The imperial capital of India was moved from Calcutta to Old New Delhi and the Province of Delhi was declared by a proclamation.
1-April-1918 Royal Air Force replaces Royal Flying Corps in Britain.
1-April-1920 S. Bhattacharya, cricket Test Umpire for 2 tests from 1963-70, was born in Delhi.
1-April-1930 Government announced 15 yrs and 18 yrs as minimum marriageable age for girls and boys. This is presently remodified.
1-April-1933 Indian Air Force was established at Drigh Road in Karachi (now in Pakistan). Subroto Mukherjee and four other officers were inducted as pilots when the first Indian Air Force Squadron was formed. The first aircraft flight joined the Indian Air Force, at that time it possessed a strength of six RAF-trained officers and 19 Havai Sepoys (literally, air soldiers); its aircraft inventory comprised four Westland Wapiti II. A army co-operation biplaned at Drigh Road as the “”A”” Flight nucleus of the planned No.1 (Army Co-operation) Squad
1-April-1935 The Reserve Bank of India was established as a Central Bank and the job of issuing notes was entrusted to this bank. The Commissioner’s office which issued currency was abolished and was substituted by the Governer of the RBI. The issue offices scattered around the country came to be called as the regional offices of the Reserve Bank.
1-April-1936 Orissa state was formed as a province of British India separating from Bihar.
1-April-1941 Ajit Laxman Wadekar, cricketer (stalwart Indian batsman & capt and Team Manager), was born in Bombay. He has received the Arjun Award (1967) and Padmashree (1972).
1-April-1944 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India.
1-April-1947 Gandhiji addresses Asian Relations Conference in Delhi.
1-April-1954 French settlements in India pass under Indian control.
1-April-1954 Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee became the first Indian to become the Air Officer Commanding, India Command. He was in this office till 08/Nov/1960.
1-April-1956 Companies Act of 1913 was revised and Indian Companies Act of 1956 came into force.
1-April-1957 Postage stamps and sale of postal stationary was introduced as per decimal coinage system and Rupee was established to Hundred Naya Paisa.
1-April-1962 Maharashtra State Finance Corporation started its operations.
1-April-1962 Metric weights became compulsory as New Weights and Measurements Metric system was intoduced by Indian Government.
1-April-1963 Delhi Special Police Establishment acquired its popular current name Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) through a Home Ministry resolution passed.
1-April-1963 D.P. Kohli held office as the founder director of Central Bureau of Investigation (C.B.I.) from 1st April, 1963 (to 31st May, 1968). Earlier, he was Inspector-General of Police of the Special Police Establishment.
1-April-1969 India’s first Atomic Energy Reactor started at Tarapore.
1-April-1973 India starts a drive to save tigers from extinction.
1-April-1976 Television was separated from radio, and Doordarshan Corporation was established.
1-April-1978 India’s sixth Five-Year Plan commenced.
1-April-1979 Central Institute of Fisheries Education came under the Administrative Control of Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
1-April-1985 Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture was established during the 7th Plan period. The Institute started functioning independently since April 1987. The Headquarters of the Institute are located in Chennai with field and farm facilities at Muttukadu and three Research Centres at Kakdwip(West Bengal), Puri(Orissa) and Narakkal (Kerala).
1-April-1986 Delhi beat Haryana by innings and 141 runs to win the Ranji Trophy.
1-April-1987 Bureau of Indian Standards was changed to Indian Standards Institution.
1-April-1989 Bengal regains Santosh Trophy by beating Kerala.
1-April-1989 UN Peace-keeping Force arrives in Windhoek to prefare for independence of Namibia.
1-April-1989 Shridhar Madhav Joshi (S. M. Joshi), great socialist leader, passed away.
1-April-1990 Gold Control Act was withdrawn.
1-April-1992 ESI ceiling of Rs. 3000 comes into effect.
1-April-1992 The 79,698 crore Eighth Plan launched.
1-April-1993 National Aeronautical Laboratory becomes National Aerospace Laboratories
1-April-1994 Five ministers resign from the Wilfred D’souza Government in Goa.
1-April-1995 Open General Licence (OGL) list expanded from 43 to 75 as import of consumer goods liberalised.
1-April-1995 The Airports Authority of India (AAI) formed by the merger of IAAI and NAA. AAI manages five international airports, 87 domestic airports and 28 civil enclaves.
1-April-1996 Kerala introduces ban on arrack. 5614 licenced arrack shops closed down.
1-April-1997 Govt. clarifies it is illegal to carry a child on a two-wheeler in addition to a pillion rider.
1-April-1998 Prabhat Kumar, a 1963 batch IAS officer, was appointed as the new Cabinet Secretary of India. He succeeded T.S.R. Subramaniam and held the office till 31-10-2000.
1-April-2000 Disinvestment not distress sell, says Prime Minister A. B. Vajpayee at a conference of chief executives of PSUs in New Delhi.
1-April-2000 India wins four golds in the under-14 Youth chess championship in Teheran.
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